Chris Conrad: Hi, my name is Chris Conrad. I am an Assistant Scoutmaster with Troop 165 in Fredericksburg, Virginia and today we are learning everyday knots. I have two new knots to show you, they are joining knots. The first is the fisherman s knot and the second is called the sheet bend.
First, we will do the fisherman s knot, the fisherman starts off with an overhand loop and this is a symmetrical knot. So, what we are going to be doing is we are going to take our other end, slip it from the opposite side through the overhand knot and create another overhand knot and in this case with the red piece going to through the eye of the overhand and if I cinch those down, so that they are fairly tight.
I can now pull these together and because of the two knots are forced against each other and won t pass through one another, they get tighter and tighter and create a fantastic binding. This knot is particularly good for slippery filament for fishing. It can also be used as an adjustable knot like on a necklace. So, if you needed to make your necklace slightly shorter or slightly longer, you can use the fisherman s knot to do that. The next knot I would like to show you is the sheet bend. Now, the sheet bend is typically used to join a very skinny piece of cord with a slightly larger diameter piece of cord and what I have here is actually a monkey s fist, which we are going to be using as heaving line. In other words what we want to able to do is take this very lightweight cord with a waded monkey s fist to the end and throw it for example from ship to shore and have attached to that a larger hauling line that can then be drawn in.
Now, let me show you the joining knot that we looked at earlier, actually a binding knot, called the square knot. When you try to join two pieces of cord of different diameter with the square knot, typically you are going to have a lot of slippage and it won t bind properly. The sheet bend takes care of that. So, let me show you how this knot is tied. We will start by making a loop on a larger diameter cord. The working end of the smaller diameter cord comes up through the eye, wraps around the back and then comes underneath its own tail and if we work this knot down, we can put a great deal of pressure on this knot and very rarely that that ever come undone.
A small variation on the sheet bend is called the double sheet bend and what I will do is I will take my working end, wrap it around the back side of the loop one more time, slip it under its own tail, work the knot down and pull it tight. That makes a very secured knot. I will show you one more example of the sheet bend over here at the blue tarp. In this case we need to attach this tarp to a line and let us assume that we do not have this grommet right here.
What we are going to do is we are going to make a tongue out of this corner. We are going to layer line through the tongue. The line comes around the back of the tongue and goes down through the loop that was formed when we are on around the back. Now, if I pull that tight and then snug down my line, this creates a sheet bend that is very secure and the tighter you pull, the tighter the knot gets. Today we have been learning how to tie everyday knots. Next I am going to teach you four different hitches.