Basic Crochet Stitches

    Published: 06-16-2009
    Views: 42,615
    Fiber artist Toni Lipe demonstrates basic crochet stitches.

    Toni Lipe: I am Toni Lipe with Toni's Design Studio. Today, we are talking about how to crochet. We have done our slip knot, our yarn over and our chain stitch. Next, we are going to talk about the stitches themselves. The first stitch is called a slip stitch. This is the smallest stitch in crochet and it is used to join circles, bring the yarn through the work and other things. So what you would do, you have your one crochet stitch on your hook, you go through those two lines of chain stitch. So now it looks like you have three stitches on your needle, but you do not and you yarn over and you need to pull that through the work and then you have one stitch left on your crochet hook. I will show you how we join a circle as well. You have your one stitch; we use a slip stitch to make a circle. You slip it at first chain stitch; like so, yarn over and pull it all the way through all the stitches or pull it through the work and then you have a circle. So the slip stitch is the easiest and the shortest crochet stitch used. Now, let us talk about the single crochet. I am going to move this over here. This is what single crochet looks like. It is a heavy textured fabric. It looks the same on both sides because as we turn our work, we are doing the same stitch over and over. So, what we do, for the single crochet -- now, if you look along the edge of this fabric, you can see there is your chain stitches once again and we are generally working with the chain stitches and we always pick up both of those loops of the chain stitch. Alright, holding my yarn to my left hand, I go into my chain stitch, I wrap my yarn and pull it through the work, but leave that first stitch on the crochet hook. So, now I have two stitches on the crochet hook. I yarn over and pull my yarn through both of those stitches and that is a single crochet. For your half crochet, what you do, we have a crochet hook and our fabric; you yarn over, go into that chain stitch, yarn over, pull the yarn through the work and now you have three loops on your crochet hook. You will yarn over one more time and pull the yarn through all three loops and that is a half-double crochet. Now, we are going to talk about the double crochet. This is double crochet and it is even airier than the half double crochet and the single crochet. I am going to put my crochet hook into the loop. See, when you are crocheting, you only have one loop going at a time. So if your needle should fall through, there is not that big of a worry about everything just falling apart. So brought that hooked on.

    For this, what we need to do for the double crochet is to yarn over, go through the chain stitch, yarn over, go through the work. We have three stitches on our needle like on our crochet hook again. We are going to yarn over again, but only go through the first two stitches, leaving that other stitch on the hook. So we have two loops on the crochet hook. We yarn over once again and pull through those two loops. So you can see as we are doing our yarn overs and pulling through the different loops, we are creating longer and longer stitches. So for the double crochet, we will yarn over, insert into the chain, picking up both of those threads, yarn over, pull through the work only. Three stitches are on our needle; yarn over, pull through the first two stitches. We have two stitches on our needle, yarn over and pull through again. So there is our double crochet.

    Now, there is another stitch we can do, called as treble crochet. The treble crochet is that even taller stitch. Instead of just yarning over once, before you enter the chain below, you yarn over twice. So you are actually twisting your yarn around your crochet hook, entering the chain stitch, yarn over, pull the yarn through the work only. Then you will twist, you will yarn over and pull the yarn through the first two loops; yarn over and pull the yarn through the first two loops; then yarn over and pull the yarn through the last two loops. Then you will yarn over twice and go into the next chain. This makes a very pretty long tall, almost lacy stitch. You end up with much more height and much more airiness. Now see I have only yarned over once, you have to remember to yarn over twice. Airier stitch in a single, double crochet does.

    Now, that we have talked about the basic stitches in crochet, we will talk about creating crochet fabric.