Dr. Jamie Freishtat: Hi! I am Dr. Jamie Freishtat, a pediatrician from Safe Kids USA. Today I'll be discussing infant safety in the home. First, I am going to talk about fire and burn prevention. Let's start with burns. We are going to talk about how to avoid burns in the bathroom, the kitchen, and around the house. Parents always need to make sure that the hot water heater in their home is set to 120 degrees. Check the water temperature before placing any child in the tub. You can do this simply by sticking your hand in and making sure it's the right temperature.
Consider anti-scald devices for faucets. Always add coldwater first into the bathtub, and then add warm water to the desired temperature. Always place the infant in the bathtub with his back to the water spout. Just in case he reaches out, he doesn't accidentally turn on the hot water.
Now let's move on to some burn prevention tips in the kitchen. Avoid heating a baby's bottle in the microwave. There can be hot pockets, which could potentially burn a child's mouth. Don't carry anything hot while carrying a baby.
Be sure to install child safety locks on all cabinets and drawers. Establish a kid free zone around the oven and the stove. As an extra layer of protection, remove stove dials if possible when not in use. If you are unable to remove the dials, then use a stove guard or dial covers.
Never leave hot items on the edge of a counter or a table. In addition, avoid using table clothes or placemats, as children can pull on them, potentially pulling hot items onto themselves. Also, be sure to cover all electrical outlets with covers that are not a choking hazard.
Next, let's move onto the house. Be sure to keep the all electrical cords out of the reach of children and never overload outlets. Be sure all electrical outlets are covered when not in use. Install barriers around fireplaces, ovens, furnaces, and all heat burning sources, and don't forget child safety locks on all cabinets and drawers. Lastly, adult supervision is always a must. Now let's move on to fire prevention. In the bedroom, there should always be a working smoke alarm. In addition, there should be smoke alarms in every bedroom, outside of every sleeping area, and in every level of the home, including the basement. Also, test all smoke alarms monthly and change the batteries at least once a year.
Every family should make and practice a fire escape plan that includes at least two ways out of every room. Make a specific plan for anyone with special needs, such as infants or young children. Be sure the window guards and stops on and below the sixth floor are equipped with emergency release devices, that can be opened easily, quickly, and without any accessories by adults and older children in case of an emergency.
We don't recommend using space heaters. However, if you choose to use a space heater, be sure there is at least three feet between the space heater and anything that could catch fire, such as furniture, drapes, or paper. Always turn off space heaters when leaving a room, going to bed, or leaving the house, and never leave a child alone in a room with the space heater. In addition, all matches and lighters should be kept out of a child's reach and locked up. These were some fire and burn prevention tips for infants.