Researchers at NASA are developing a new device to be used on the International Space Station called the Cold Atom Lab, where matter can be studied at near absolute zero temperatures. At absolute zero, all of the thermal activity of atoms theoretically halts. Researchers predict that matter will react differently and its states will be altered. This branch of physics is known as quantum mechanics and they say it may possibly be able to help them discover new forms of matter and novel quantum phenomena. Bringing the temperature down to just one ten-billionth of a degree above absolute zero might allow researchers to make observations relative to the theory that matter can be in two places at once and that objects may behave as both particles and waves.