# Lowercase Calligraphy Letters – C, O, E

#### Description

Calligraphy expert Joanne Wasserman shows how to write lowercase calligraphy letters c, o, and e.

#### Transcript

Joanne Wasserman: Hi! I am Joanne Wasserman and my studio is Wasserman Design and today we are learning the Chancery Cursive script and we are writing the small letters. Right now we have the piece of paper in front of us that we ruled earlier and which is five pen-width high, five of this pen-width high and we have ruled it all the way down the page and I am taping it below the table, because I am going to start writing at the top and I do not want to reach way up here to write.

I want to have my line of vision upon the letters that I am making as close to directly in front of me as possible because that way I can make a good judgment as to the correctness of the letter form for the error of it, if I am writing it some where that I can not see. So first thing, I want to take my pencil and I want to put in X down on each of the spaces where I am going to be writing these letters. What I am going to share with you is the very top space is for the tall letters like a letter H.

Then the second space, the middle space is like for the letter A or C or E. I am going to put in X there and this space is called the X space and the top line, it is actually called the X height. Then I am going to skip one, two more lines and put another X, two more lines and put another X, two more lines and put another X, two more lines and put another X, two more lines and put one more X and that is actually that's perfect on this page.

So, you will see how you saw that X becomes to your writing. Now here is that tester sheet, so I get a sharp line and now that I do not have too much ink on there. Okay so then I am moving the paper down, so that it is in front of my face and I can see what I am writing. I go to this space, this line where the X is. In the first group of letters we have three sets. The first set is a C an O and an E. So what we are doing is we want to hold our pen at a 45 degree angle from the line, the line on the space that we went straight, and made a vertical line to the bottom of that line, we have a 90 degree perpendicular. Then half of the perpendicular is a 45 degree angle.

We are going to hold our pen, so that it makes some mark at 45 degrees. You see, like this. If we had no angle to our pen we would have a line like this and you can see this line is thicker then the line to the left. So, with our pen out of 45 degree angle, we are going to make letters that slant, about 5 degrees, 9 or 10 degrees. It varies according to your own natural tendency. So every person who writes this script will write it at an angle that is natural to them. So, here is the letter C, holding it down, I am coming down with my pen and before I get to the pencil line, I am already into a curve.

I make the curve at the pencil line and then I just lift my pen. That is one stroke and then I go back to that beginning stroke, see how skinny it is, we call that a hairline. I put the pen right into that skinny line and we go to get the ink to flow and I turn. So, that is the letter, we will do that again. Okay, so we will make this C one more time and then at 45 degree angle we come down slowly. Before we get to the pencil line we go into a curve, make the curve and we just lift our pen. Then for our second stroke to put the hat on the letter we go back into that short space where we came down, we go back in and then we go up, and as we are going up, we curve around like that and we just stop.

So that is the letter C and then we will do this again. This time we will just keep on going. So two strokes, the letter C, two strokes the letter O. So we will make this first stroke number one again and we go back into that skinny line, we call it a hairline. The back end up around and there is our letter E. So, three letters in this first set and they are all made the same way with just a little variation in each one of them. C, O, E, there we are.

4