# Lowercase Calligraphy Letters – P, B, K

#### Description

Calligraphy expert Joanne Wasserman demonstrates how to writes lowercase calligraphy letters p, b, and k.

#### Transcript

Joanne Wasserman: Hi, I am Joanne Wasserman and my studio is Wasserman Design, and today we are learning Chancery Cursive script, we are learning right now the Miniscule letters and the second group of letters begins with a P. so we are introducing letters with a curve and a straight. So the letter P holding a pen at a 45 degree angle, and two strokes, it looks just like the J so far. And I go back and that was four strokes. I will show you again. Here, and another letter, letter B and the third letter.

I will write these letters and talk to you through them. On the first letter the P, we want to keep our pen at that 45 degree angle and we are going down at a slant, before we get to the bottom of the next space, we start going intp a curve as if we are going to land, an airplane or something. Okay, then we want to put -- we dont have to put that hook on like this, we can put a hook like that. But still, the very first stroke tells us that this is not an H because we have gone below the line and this line stroke below our X height is called a descending line.

Soon I pick up and I want to curve the letter down, now what this is important, picking up, curving and adding a ball, half of the ball to a straight line. It is like when we made the letter O, it is this second portion of the letter O that is like that portion of the letter P, you see. So, instead this portion of the letter O that second stroke is essentially what I am putting onto this. Okay and then I can leave my P with the angel or I can put a little foot on it. The letter B is almost like I am doing it inverted although it -- when you are writing it doesnt matter whether it is upside down, it just feels very different.

But I am going down and I am already going into a curve. But I am making it a little wider curve then I did for the letter L or the letter T, see that space in here is a little wider and that is because like I did to the O second stroke and the P stroke, I am going to make that same up curve and I am going to meet that hairline where I left off. So that is two strokes and the way I started this letter B is with a hook, the way I began the letter I and the letter R.

However, I could also start from the right hand side, and go down, and go into that little curve with a little ball, and then add that second stroke of the letter O. And then I have a hook this way or this way and if I have a hook this way usually, I will put this little finishing stroke on it. So that it balances this very long letter, it's still going to the right where we have our slant and then our third letter, is the letter K and I also can do the same first stroke coming from the right. So that I have the smooth curve and then I end it without a hook, just like I did the letter R because that is my first stroke. We only put the hooked foot at the end of the last stroke of the letter formed.

So there is the hook because that is the last stroke, this was the first stroke and then I can add this little hat for little flag. But I wanted to explain something when you are making the letter okay -- We can also do it this way, that in the second stroke it is small like when we made an E. You put this little eyelid, kind of little eyelid at the top. When we are doing that to okay, where we are coming from a steep angle. Here we did it at the very top of the letter.

Here on the K, I am doing it further down that does this space. But then when I come into meet that first line, I change the tilt of my pen from that 45 degree angle to maybe 10 degrees because when I make this stroke, I am coming out of it at an angle. I want this stroke to be as wide as this stroke. It I did not tilt my pen to this way, you see how it is not 45 degree angle anymore, this is 45 degree angle. But if I make this stroke at 45 degree angle, you see how fat that mark is and it is so much wider than the first stroke, that it looks awkward and unbalanced.

So I tilt the letters -- I tilt the pen so that I am giving all my strokes that my letter forms an even appearance. Okay for that set we have the -- and I am turning there.

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