Dr. Natasha Withers: Arthritis is in an umbrella term for more than a hundred different types of inflammation of the joints, the area where the two bones meet. Arthritis affects people of all ages, including children and young adults.
If you are diagnosed with arthritis, you will likely experience swelling, painful and stiff joints, particularly in the morning, before your body has warmed up. Redness or warmth around the effected joints as well as loss of motion in these areas are not uncommon.
Treatments vary according to the type of arthritis. The most frequent form osteoarthritis may result from joint injury, infection or simply years of wear and tear. Your doctor will most likely recommend using over the counter pain relievers, such as Tylenol or Ibuprofen, along with ice, heat and massage to reduce discomfort.
Another form rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder and occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks your own body's tissues. Drugs such as immunosuppressants or disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs are often prescribed.
Although, there is no definitive care, treatment can reduce joint inflammation, relief pain and improve flexibility and function to prevent further damage. In addition, these healthy life style switches can make a difference.
Stay active to maintain joint flexibility and mobility. Aim for a weekly mix of low impact aerobic activity, stretches as well as strain training to build muscle tone around your joints. Loose weight or maintain a healthy weight. Excessive pounds add extra stress and strain on your joints.
I am Doctor Natasha. Live well!