What relationship is there between autism and IQ?

    Published: 06-16-2009
    Views: 14,907
    Autism expert Peggy Halliday discusses the difference between IQ and autism.

    Peggy Halliday

    Peggy Halliday is a board certified associate behavior analyst who has specialized in autism education for the past ten years. She is the Director of Outreach Services at the Virginia Institute of Autism (VIA) in Charlottesville, VA. VIA is a non-profit organization which provides a day school and other resources for families, educators, and other professionals seeking services, training or information about autism and evidence-based interventions. The Institute operates a year-round school for students ages 2-22, a 700-volume library, training workshops, internships for undergraduate and graduate students and teachers, and customized trainings for schools. Peggy supervises a wide range of outreach services, including development and supervision of comprehensive, home-based early intervention programs incorporating naturalistic, incidental, and structured teaching using the principles of applied behavior analysis; training for parents and home instructors; skills assessments, functional behavior assessments and intervention plans, and consultation on Individual Education Plan goals. She has presented trainings and workshops at state and national conferences.

    Host: What relationship is there between autism and IQ?

    Peggy Halliday: That s a difficult question to answer, 40%-50% of children who Autism Spectrum Disorder are also diagnosed with mental retardation but most of the IQ test rely heavily on language and because autism is a language based disorder you may not be getting accurate interpretations of the IQ test.

    There is something that is called as advanced skill that we see sometimes in children with autism that allows them to have a great ability to perform musical instrument for example or they may be very in intelligent in math and I think sometimes we think of this as being typical in autism. It actually is not, it s actually very rare but it does occur so, you have these extremely bright people on the autism spectrum and then you do have diagnosed with mental retardation and then you have every thing in between.